What Is Open Government Open government is a doctrine which empowers the citizen to access the documents and proceedings of the government, and to allow for effective public oversight. The results of open government should be evaluated in the form of public value that is created by each initiative. The origin of open government was started at the time of the European Enlightenment. Information and participation are two things in which open government based. A government which is open cannot disguise information from the public. Open information means any matter like money and resources to aware the citizen. It also encourages people to participate in government decision-making for the betterment of government and welfare. This two way communication system of government and citizen built the foundation of Open Government. Doing something new and better is the purpose of governments in respect of citizen and country. Concept of Open Government lies on this. Open government is a an new and efficient way of governments which govern for citizens to exercise their citizenship. It is a good practice which makes sure that governments and citizens work together for the achievement of better outcomes. Open Government allows citizens of a democracy to control their government, reducing government corruption, bribery and other malfeasance. People who favor Open Government give arguments that, it helps to produce greater knowledge and societal progress. Impact Of Technology in Open Government As new technologies become available, its impact the ability of citizen participation in government. It provides the ease in participation. It makes document distribution on the Internet cheaper and easier which was never before as. The internet provides too much facility in data distribution. By using Internet governments share their documents and data online, where members can search material themselves. Proactive disclosure is a term which is used for this scenario.
Open education is to expand the education learning throughout the world by sharing and re-mixing of educational resources. People who support open education system they believe that everyone in this world should have to access high quality of educational experiences and resources. Therefore it is important for individual and institutions to share digital learning and teaching resources over the Internet without any cost. The idea of open educations is not new. Free and open sharing is prominent characteristics of education. Characteristics of education are sharing knowledge, share insights information, share new ideas etc. Internet play important role in free education planning. By utilizing the power of internet we spread free learning throughout the world. How Open Education Can Take Open education can take through different ways. Lets see some of these way. Open education can take by free or low cost school, college or university educational institute. Open education can take by open access to programs that lead to full, recognized qualifications. Open education can take data open to anyone to use, reuse, and redistribute. Open education can take by open textbooks, online textbooks which are free for used. Open education can take place by research papers are made available online for free downloading. Open education can take educational resources that instructors or learners can use for free. Open Educational Resources The foundation of open education is open educational resources(OER), it provide material for teaching and learning, provide software tool and services. It gives freedom of open development and reuse of content, tools and services. Open educational resources allow their users to freely retain, reuse, revise, redistribute and remix educational material. Benefits Of Using Open Educational Resources It save cost of students. It provide access of more quality choices. It provide guide material for course preparations. It provide visibility of your research work to huge number of audience. It provide author's scholarly work for scrutiny to others. Enhance the availability of educational materials and increase its use.' It enhance best practice internationally.
What Is Raspberry Pi Raspberry Pi is low cost credit card sized computer. It is developed by Raspberry Pi Foundation in United Kingdom. Since it is a small size you can use it by plugin to a computer monitor or TV, and uses a standard keyboard and mouse. This small computer is capable of doing anything which a stander desktop computer can. You can use it for browsing the internet and playing video, to making spreadsheets, word-processing, and playing games etc. The main goal of Raspberry Pi Foundation is to provide advance education for adults and children specially in the field of computers, computer science and other related subjects. It is an excellent machine for making projects. The Foundation of Raspberry provides Debian and Arch Linux ARM distributions for download an it promote the Python language by using it as a main language. Raspberry Pi is a cheap Linux-based Fedora operating system. It is robust and portable operating system. You can attach it various devices to achieve different scenario and it allow you to connect with different real world objects. Importance Of Raspberry Pi Raspberry Pi is a robust powerful and inexpensive devices that anyone can purchase. Its cost is lie between $25 to $40. The RPi gives all children the opportunity to experiment with programming and provide a vast understanding through academic subject of computer science. It can bridge the gap between an idea and its implementation. Operating System And Specifications RPi operating system primarily uses Linux-kernel-based operating systems. Latest RPi supported several popular versions of Linux oOperating system. Operating system supported different programming languages like Python, BBC Basic, C and Perl. Install manager for the Raspberry Pi is NOOBS and consist of different NOOBS like (puppy, Raspbian, Arch Linux ARM etc). It is a 700MHz Broadcomm system with 4 GPU Videocore. It supported 1080p HD video and have 256MB of on-board RAM and sockets for HDMI and USB 2.0.
Docker community is very energetic and hardworking. Community consist of hardworking enthusiastic experienced developers and programmers. They always in search of developing new tool which can extend the functionality of Docker. Lets see some of the Docker's tool which can expand the functionality of Docker. Dockercraft It is amazing simple Minecraft Docker client, it is used to visualize and manage Docker containers. By using it you can turns on and off container through flick of switch. If you work most of time with container, you will enjoy with dockercraft image. It is a fun projects of Adrien Duermael and Gaetan de Villele. Docker Label Inspector Docker label inspector is an excellent tool that help to ensure you are providing your Docker images with the metadata they will need out in the wilds of the internet. It also provide label linter and a label validator useful tools. It allow developer to use Docker labels to produce metadata within the domain of container and also check lables against official label schema. CMT CMT stand for Container migration tool, it is portable and light weighted tool. It is easily adaptable to any underlying mechanism of C/R. The basic purpose of this project is to create an external command line tool that can be either used with docker or runC. It is used to helps on the task to live migrate containers between different hosts by performing pre-migration validations and allowing to auto-discover suitable target hosts. Dvol Dvol is an version control of development databases in Docker. This developer tools it provide git like functionality to Docker volumes. It allow you to do commit, reset and branch your development databases. Dvol help you in speeding up tests and Interactive debugging. Libnetwork Libnetwork is an combination of networking code from both libcontainer and Docker Engine into a multi-platform library for networking containers. It also present Container Network Model (CNM) and gets incredible valuable inputs by its partners like IBM, Weave, Cisco, Microsoft, Rancher and VMware. Libnetwork is a flexible solution it use plugin model to support of their solutions.
What Is Docker Docker is an open source project, it is a container which make it possible numbers of applications run on the same old servers and it also makes easy to package and ship programs. Docker container put on different piece of software into a full f ledge file system which consist of every necessary things which require to run code, runtime, system tools, system libraries. Docker is little bite like a virtual machine, but it use shared operating system. It use the different isolated features of Linux kernel ( like cgroups and kernel namespaces ) and union capable system ( like aufs ) because to run independent container on a same Linux instance. It use the libcontainer library in its own way because can directly use virtualization facilities provided by the Linux kernel. It gives a significant performance boost and reduces the size of the application unlike starting and maintaining virtual machines. As we know Docker is an open source solution. Its open standards architecture allow container to run almost all Linux distributions. It also used on Microsoft operating systems. It allow you customization freedom. If you want to increase the functionality of Dockers according to your requirement you can do. You can also modify some existing features of Docker to satisfied your needs. Docker is flexible system. It provide the flexibility of integration in numerous infrastructure tools. Number of infrastructure tools utilizing docker some of these are Google Cloud Platform, Amazon Web Services, OpenStack Nova, Puppet, Microsoft Azure, Vagrant, Ansible etc. Features Of Docker It is light weighted. It shared system resources like common files, making disk usage and image downloads etc. It can run on all major Linux distributions and Microsoft operating systems. It provide flexibility and portability features. It allow integration various infrastructure tools. It isolate applications form each other. It provide protection for the application. It empower developer to use the different language and tools for application development. It eliminate environment inconsistencies. It easily distribute and share content.
OpenStack And Its Components OpenStack is a free and open source infrastructure as a service (IaaS) initiative. It is used for creating and managing large groups of virtual and private servers in a data center. It is also used to handle hardware, storage and networking resources. It can be manager through different ways. It has graphical user interface (GUI) means user can manage it through web browsers. OpenStack also provide features of command line you can manage it through cli. Its RESTfull APIs also available for users. OpenStack released under the Apache license. It is written in Python language and supported cross platforms. It is often represent in the media as Linux of the cloud. The main purpose of OpenStack is to provide interoperability between cloud services. Many well known brands are rely on OpenStack to run their business such like BMW, GoDaddy, Wells-Fargo, Time-Warner Cable, PayPal, eBay, Intel, NASA, Yahoo, DreamHost and many more. Industries Which Can Gets Benefits From OpenStack OpenStack supported almost all type of industries. Different types of industries get benefits from this open source applications and modify this product according to their needs. Lets see some of these industries which can get benefits. Government Research Academic Information Technology Healthcare Film Media Gaming eCommerce SaaS Manufacturing Retail Finance Components Of OpenStack It has a modular architecture, it has been build over different parts. Since it is open source solution therefore its users can expand its functionality by adding different components to accomplish their specific needs. Lets see some of its components. Compute (Nova) Nova is the important part of infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS) and used as a cloud computing fabric controller. It is specialty designed in such a way to automate pools of computer resources and can work with visualization. Glance It provides catalog, repository, discovery, registration, and delivery services for virtual disk images. It is used to store unlimited backups. Swift It provides scalable storage system. It is supported object storage and files. Switf with OpenStack software take responsibility of data replication and integrity across the cluster. Horizon This component of OpenStock provide graphical user interface (GUI) for both administrator and users to access, provision, and automate cloud based resources. Cinder It is storage component. It provide the block-level storage devices for use with OpenStack compute instances. It is used for the management of creation, attaching and detaching of the block devices to servers. Neutron It is used for the management of networking. It is used to figure out network is working fine, and components of OpenStack communicate with one another quickly and efficiently. Keystone It provides the authentication and authorization for all the OpenStack services. It provides access through different means, by using it user easily map their existing user access methods against Keyston. Ceilometer It provides telemetry services for a single point of contact for billing systems. Heat It provides orchestration services for multiple composite cloud based applications. It also provide help to manage the infrastructure needed to run cloud service. Trove This component of OpenStack provide database-as-a-service provisioning relational and non-relational database engine. Sahara The main goal of sahara is to provide data processing services for OpenStack-managed resources. It provide the features of scalability by adding and removing worker nodes on demand. Benefits Of OpenStack User of this application get number of benefits. Lets we some of these benefits. Flexible in cloud based environment. Modify it according to need. Manage local area networks. Provide security features. Dashboard With user friendly GUI. Reduces system management overhead. VNC Proxy support through web browser. Options for plugins and tools.
Web hosting control panel is a web based interfaces which is mostly provided by the hosting companies. It enables customers to easily manage their various hosted services in a single place. Mostly used features in control panels are access server logs, configuration of email account, database management, file manager, manage FTP user accounts etc. In this article i try to discuss some best open source web hosting control panels for server managments. It is free of cost any body can use these tools for the management of server.Lets see some of open source web hosting control panels.Kloxo Kloxo is an open source scriptable web hosting control panel. It is formerly known as Lxadmin. It is distributed for the Red Hat and CentOS Linux distributions and a object oriented hosting platform which supports Apache, djbdns, bind and pure-ftpd. It facilitate end user to efficiently manage the web hosting account and also provide full grip to admin to manage the whole system. Kloxo is very comprehensive web control panel it has a backup-restore module,built-in messaging and ticket system. It also allow the integration facility like you can integrate billing software such as AWBS, WHMCS and HostBill. By using Kloxo you can view, Search and Manage your hosting and each domain from a single page source. OpenPanel OpenPanel is an open source web control panel. It comes with very user friendly attractive interface and has comprehensive functionality features. It allow you to handle basic hosting services like Courier-IMAP e-mails, Apache, AWStats, IPTables firewall, Bind DNS, PureFTPD, MySQL databases, Postfix etc. OpenPanel uses layered authentication system, it allow the administrator to create limited account for end user. In OpenPanel users have permission to control system configuration by using either a graphical interface or command line configuration shell. It is written in PHP and Java languages and released under GNU/GPL license. ISPConfig ISPConfig is an open source multilingual control panel for Linux. It is designed in such a way that it manage Apache, BIND, FTP, databases, e-mail, ftp,web. It supported different level like admin level, re-seller level and end-user user level. ISPConfig allow you to take instant backups and set cron jobs.It has been released under the BSD license. ISPConfig provide the features of managing server from a single page of control panel and provide configuration mirroring and clusters.Number of features provided by ISPConfig are advance email spam filter and anti virus filter,email-autoresponder, traffic limits and statistics,webalizer statistics,different permission levels,manage one or more Servers from one Control panel and many more. EHCP EHCP(Easy Hosting Control Panel) is an open source Linux based web Hosting Control Panel. It is designed to work with operating system Ubuntu and other Debian distributions. It is customizable web host control panel written in PHP language and comes with under GPL license. By using EHCP you can remotely manage web server through command line interface or through graphical user interface. It supported four different user level(server admin, reseller, domain admin and email user).EHCP supported different languages, templates and different menus,pages for Server Admin,domain admin, email user, Reseller. EHCP provide the features of email forwarding, autoreply, catch-all emails and many more.
A library management system is also called integrated library system has ability to manage operations of more than single library functions. It is excellent automatic resource planning system, it allow users to operate efficiently and freeing staff from unnecessary tasks. Open source software for libraries is a good choice. Because open source allow us to run,distribute,modify according to need without any restrictions. Due to these features open source is number one choice for many users. In this article briefly discussed some open source Linux Library Management Systems. VuFind VuFind is an open source library search engine. It is designed and developed for libraries by libraries and permit users to search and browse beyond the resources of a traditional OPAC.The basic purpose of VuFind is to provide the ease so that user can search and browse through all of your library's electronic resources. Operating VuFind is very easy to use and its simple interface is same as Google which offer flexible keyword searching. VuFind also provide the ease for configuration and allow to choose system components to best fit their needs. It used famous open source web application components like the Apache web server, PHP scripting language and MySQL database. Some Of The Features Of VuFind are: Provide persistent URLs Author biographies Supported Multi-language Browse for resources Live Record Status Location with Ajax querying Personal organization and annotation of resources Search with faceted results Koha Koha is a very famous and award wining open source Integrated Library System used by hundreds of libraries worldwide. It is mostly used by school,public and special libraries. Koha provide acquisitions system,cataloging,member,patron management,issues, returns,reserves and searching. No need to install software on desktop computer because Koha is a web based solution. It comes with very comprehensive features and allow you to select specific feature which you want through the administration of system preferences. As Koha is an open source every one have freedom to modify it according to your specific needs and it also allow you to re-distribute it. Some Of The Features Of Koha are: Provide customizable search. Reporting and Reading lists for members. Provide full acquisitions system including budgets and pricing information. Union catalog facility and configurable user interface. Web based interfaces and serials system for magazines or newspapers. Cataloging module and circulation. Borrower management and MARC based cataloging. Library standard compliant and integrated library system. Evergreen Evergreen is an open source Integrated Library System used by over 1000 libraries around the world. It is developed by the Georgia Public Library Service for Public Information Network for Electronic Services (PINES) and it is written in C, Perl, XUL, JS programming languages. It also supported cross platform and available in English. Evergreen has ability supported large public library and state wide consortium environments ans as well can be used in single branch libraries. Evergreen is used by libraries to facilitate their public catalog interface,acquisition of library materials,sharing resources among different groups of libraries. Some Of The Features Of Evergreen are: Online public access catalog (OPAC). For staff to check items in and out to patrons. Keep track of purchased materials. Provide powerful reporting with statistical information stored in the database. Customizable label printing and unlimited notes for annotating item. Template based receipt printing. Integration with news aggregates,unAPI and web browser.